Options for Obtaining an Online Desktop Publishing Education

The field of desktop publishing can provide a number of career options for you to choose from. You can enroll in an accredited online educational training program to receive the skills needed for a career in this field. Online learning allows you to prepare for your desired career by studying from the comfort of home. Career studies can be completed at various levels ranging from a certificate to a bachelor degree level. You can start the path to an exciting new career by learning more about education and career options in desktop publishing.

Training in this field helps to prepare you for working with a variety of media and software to produce marketing material and much more. Online training will give you the skills you need to enter into a successful career. Opportunities for employment with an education in desktop publishing can include working in:

  • Advertising
  • Magazines
  • Newspapers
  • Software and Film Companies
  • Music Industry

…and much more. The careers available to you will depend on the level of education you choose to obtain. You can prepare for your career by earning an accredited online education.

Levels of education will vary based on the online learning program you enroll in. Possible education options include earning an accredited certificate or degree. You can seek out an accredited:

  • Certificate
  • Associate of Arts (AA)
  • Associate of Science (AS)
  • Bachelor of Arts (BA)
  • Bachelor of Science (BS)

Online schools give you the chance to receive the educational training you need for your desired career. Training for these certificates and degrees will require you to learn a number of topics. Length of training will vary by level but can take anywhere from a couple months to several years.

Coursework will vary by the level of education you seek and the specific career you long for. Online training options will allow you to learn the subjects you need for your desired career. Specific areas of study can allow you to study graphic communications, digital printing, layout and design, illustration, and more. You will also be able to attend courses in computer systems, printing technology, visual technologies, and many other career related course subjects. By enrolling in an accredited online training program for desktop publishing you can expect to gain the knowledge and skills needed for a successful career.

Accredited online schools and colleges can provide you with the best quality education you need to pursue a successful career in this exciting field. Online desktop publishing training will allow you to gain the skills you need and desire, without jeopardizing your current employment. There are a number of agencies such as NASAD ( http://nasad.arts-accredit.org/ ) that are approved to fully accredit the online schools and colleges that meet certain requirements. You can start the path to a new career by researching available study programs and requesting information about enrolling in one that fits your individual career needs and goals.

DISCLAIMER: Above is a GENERIC OUTLINE and may or may not depict precise methods, courses and/or focuses related to ANY ONE specific school(s) that may or may not be advertised at PETAP.org.

Copyright 2010 – All rights reserved by PETAP.org.

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Start an Online Business: Sole Proprietor, Corporation Or Limited Liability Company?

Who Is This Article For?

First, let’s identify for whom this article is written. This article is for new entrepreneurs thinking about starting an online business which operates in the United States.

The information contained here is “entry level” for people just starting out in online business. It is not written for people in more sophisticated situations. That being said, let’s get going.

Most new online business owners seem to “jump off the deep end” without giving much thought or doing much planning as to how they will operate their businesses.

That is a poor approach to starting a business. In reality, there are a number of considerations that need to be taken into account at the outset if you want to succeed with your online business and not expose yourself to problems down the line.

Forms of Business Entities

One of the first matters to consider is whether to form an entity to operate your business. Let’s begin at the very basic level and quickly identify your options with respect to operating your business.

For most new businesses, your options are:

  • Sole proprietorship
  • Partnership
  • Corporation (S-corporation or C-corporation)
  • Limited Liability Company

There are other forms of doing business, but they are usually for more sophisticated enterprises, so we’ll confine our discussion to the ones listed above.

Sole Proprietorship

This is the default option, one that many new entrepreneurs wind up using because they never really think about the issue.

Basically, a sole proprietorship is just you doing your thing. You and your business are not separated legally. That can be quite significant, as we’ll see below.

Advantages of a Sole Proprietorship

Here are the advantages for choosing to do business as a sole proprietor:

  • Ease of Formation. A sole proprietorship is the simplest business format to form, because there is no formation. It’s just you doing business as you. There is no separate legal entity within which you are operating your business. You may still require business licenses, tax id numbers, etc., but there is no separate entity to be formed and operated.
  • Low Cost of Formation. Since it is not necessary to form a separate entity to operate as a sole proprietorship, it is less expensive to get started because you don’t have to pay an attorney or company to form a special entity for you and you don’t have to pay any of the fees to you state that are required to form a corporation or LLC.
  • No Separate Income Tax Returns. Because there is no separate entity involved in the operation of a sole proprietorship, the IRS doesn’t require you to file any separate income tax returns. You will normally just add a schedule (Schedule C) to your good old Form 1040 and file away.

Disadvantages of a Sole Proprietorship

Here are the disadvantages of operating as a sole proprietorship:

  • Personal Liability. This is the overriding disadvantage of doing business as a sole proprietor. Because there is no separation between you and your business, if you get sued all of your personal assets (house, car, investments, etc.) are at risk. Given the fact that we live in a litigious society where people are suing other people over ridiculous claims, and sadly prevailing sometimes, this is a major concern. If you end up with a judgment against you, you risk losing most of your personal assets.
  • Less “Professional” Image. Doing business as “John Smith” doesn’t present the professional image in the business world that, for example, “World-Wide Multimedia, LLC” would. This may not be a major concern for you, but it is something to consider, especially if you are trying to get other businesses to recognize you as a joint venturer, affiliate, or member of their CPA network.

Partnerships

We won’t spend much time on this one, because it is relatively rare in the online world. A partnership is an association of two or more people or entities for the purpose of engaging in business.

So, for example, if you and your brother-in-law want to start a business, a partnership could work. It is not something that is normally recommended, though, for reasons explained below.

Advantages of a Partnership

Frankly, in most situations there are none.

Disadvantages of a Partnership

Here are the primary disadvantages of a partnership:

  • Separate Tax Returns. Partnerships are required to file their own, separate income tax returns, so paperwork is increased without commensurate advantages being offered.
  • More Complicated to Form. Partnerships normally require paid assistance in the formation process, so costs are increased, again without offsetting advantages in most circumstances.
  • Increased Liability. This is the big one. A partnership does not protect your personal assets. Even worse, since you have one or more partners involved, you potentially become liable for their activities too, whether or not you actually participated in a given transaction. In addition, your partners can normally obligate the partnership to financial obligations and contractual agreements, sometimes without your knowledge. So, there is definitely increased personal risk to you financially in a partnership.

And, you must be cautious when pursuing business objectives with other people. You can end up in a partnership without meaning to.

Since there are normally no formal organizational requirements for a partnership, a handshake may be all that is required. Just the act of doing business and sharing profits and losses with one or more other people can result in the courts declaring you to be in a general partnership, whether that was your intent or not.

Corporations

A corporation is a separate legal entity that is formed to operate your business. It is that separation between you and your business that can be a major advantage.

You will hear two broad types of corporations discussed: C-corporations and S-corporations. Those distinctions are a topic for another article, but they will be mentioned briefly.

In a nutshell, a corporation is a corporation, the S-corporation/C-corporation distinction is merely an election made by a corporation as to how it wants to be treated for income tax purposes by the IRS.

Advantages of a Corporation

Here are the principal advantages of using a corporation to operate your business:

  • No Personal Liability. The main advantage has already been hinted at. A corporation is a separate legal entity from you personally. Assuming you set things up properly and adhere to the operational requirements of a corporation, if your incorporated business gets sued only the assets owned by the corporation are potentially exposed to the business’s liabilities. Your personal assets are shielded from liability.
  • More Professional Image. As discussed above, a corporation presents a more professional image to the world than a sole proprietorship.
  • One or More Owners. The owners of a corporation are called “stockholders.” The law allows a corporation to have one or more than one stockholder. S-corporations may not have more than 100 stockholders (at the time of this writing). C-corporations may have an unlimited number of stockholders.

Disadvantages of a Corporation

Here are the main disadvantages of a corporation:

  • More Complicated to Form. Articles of Incorporation and other formation documents must be prepared and filed with the state in which you incorporate. Normally, you will need paid assistance and there will be certain filing fees paid to your state, so there is expense involved. At least with a corporation you are getting the offsetting benefit of limiting your personal liability.
  • Requires Separate Bookkeeping. Since a corporation is regarded as a separate enterprise from you personally, you will be required to keep separate books and records for business and tax purposes. This may require an accountant or CPA to assist you in setting them up properly.
  • Separate Income Tax Returns. Generally, a corporation will be required to file its own separate income tax returns. You do not report the corporation’s income and expenses directly on your personal tax return.
  • Annual Filing Requirements. You state of incorporation will require at least one annual report to be filed for your corporation, and there will be a small fee charged by the state in connection with that filing.

Limited Liability Companies (LLCs)

Limited liability companies are probably the most popular entities these days. They are gradually replacing corporations and the “go-to” business entity.

So as to not over-extend the length of this article, I’ll just list the advantages and disadvantages without more discussion, since they are almost identical with the remarks about corporations. Where there’s a difference, it will be pointed out.

Advantages of an LLC

  • No Personal Liability (See discussion under corporations)
  • More Professional Image (see discussion under corporations)
  • One or More Owners. An LLC’s owners are called “members.” The law allows an LLC to have one or more members.

Disadvantages of an LLC

  • More Complicated to Form (See discussion under corporations)
  • Requires Separate Bookkeeping (See discussion under corporations)
  • Separate Income Tax Returns. A multi-member LLC will be required to file its own income tax returns. For single member LLCs, there are some special opportunities with respect to how they are taxed for income tax purposes. Often, the single member can choose to have the LLC disregarded for income tax purposes. That does not, however, jeopardize your liability protection from lawsuits.
  • Annual Filing Requirements. (See discussion under corporations)

Summary

I think it’s fair to say that limited liability companies are the most recommended entities, especially for online businesses. As a general proposition, they offer the same protection of your personal wealth from business liabilities that a corporation does, and LLCs are usually considerably more flexible as far as what the law allows in their management structure.

There are a lot of subtle nuances that professionals can debate when considering the pros and cons of the various forms of doing business.

In reality, though, the main concern for most smaller businesses is liability protection for the owner’s personal assets.

Liability protection can be gained by using a corporation (S or C) or an LLC as the entity for operating your business. Liability protection is not gained by operating as a sole proprietor or in a partnership (formal or unintended).

Forex Tips – 4 Steps to Forex Hedging

Looking for forex tips on hedging your trades to protect your position? In this article we will consider how to go about protecting your position against unfavorable moves. It may not be as complex as you think.Hedging could be described as a form of insurance. It can be used either for an existing or for a planned position. In other words, you can employ hedging strategies either right from the start when you first open a trade, or at any time during the trade. You can use it to protect your profits or to minimize loss from the outset. What you are doing is sacrificing some potential profit in order to take up an opposite position that will pay out if things go wrong.Your main position will probably be a spot foreign exchange transaction, but you are not limited to spot transactions for your hedge position. The most popular choice is probably to open a position in foreign exchange options. You can also use currency futures, the other major derivative. In both cases you may have possibilities that are not so limited as the spot FX market.

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There are four steps to forex hedging. All of them are important if you do not want your balancing trade to turn around and bite you in the butt.1. Risk AnalysisMost currency exchange traders would not hedge every trade, but only those that involved some kind of unusual risk, or where risk has changed since you opened the position. In this step you need to calculate the current risk.2. Subtract Risk ToleranceWhile there are a few traders who try to hedge every trade to a position of complete safety, most of us accept some risk in order to maximize profit. Risk tolerance is not about how you feel, but what is your normal level of risk on a trade or the loss that you are prepared to accept for this trade under your system. Subtract this from the total risk and you have the excess risk that you need to remove by hedging.3. Select Your StrategyConsider the cost and effectiveness of the various possibilities, including a trade in derivatives.4. Act and MonitorThen go ahead and implement your strategy, but do not stop there. Keep monitoring the markets. As the situation changes you may be able to close out part of either your original or your hedge position to give you a better overall result.

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Hedging is not for every trader or for every trade but it has its uses and can be a very effective tool to add to your skill set. You may want to paper trade or back test to see how these forex tips on hedging can increase your profitability.Many of these advanced tips can be found in a good forex eBook or traditionally printed book. There are many places to find such foreign exchange education tips on the Internet and there is no better way than searching for a good Forex blog and then using the search facility on the blog to find exactly what you want.

The Energy Healing Power of Natural Medicine

Natural medicine is a system that uses a variety of therapeutic or preventive health care practices such as homeopathy, naturopathy, chiropractic, and herbal medicine. Alternative medicine is also known as traditional, naturopathic, natural or holistic medicine. Proponents of alternative medicine are not refuting the validity of discoveries in and the practical uses of conventional medicine, but are merely trying to put some things into perspective. Due to the widespread interest in natural medicine along with the disappointment and disenchantment with Western medicine, many people, especially in the United States and Europe, where conventional medicine has taken a dominant foothold, are seeking the advice and treatment from naturopathic physicians. These practitioners include herbalists, acupuncturists, naturopaths, chiropractors, and others, who advocate preventative health measures as well as recommend wholesome foods and nutritional supplements for their patients and clients. Considering the growing popularity and effectiveness of alternative health treatments and products, certified and licensed professional practitioners of such medical practices should be given their rightful and respectful place in medical society. Natural medicine has been proven not only to be safe, but more effective than Western medicine in treating many chronic illnesses such as diabetes, hypertension, asthma and many other diseases as well

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The history of Natural Medicine and its roots can be traced back thousands of years to ancient cultures such as India and China. Ayurvedic (E. Indian) and Chinese medicine, along with their diagnostic and herbal systems, are still used in these countries extensively, as well as in the United States, especially in Europe, where alternative medicine is well respected. Chinese herbal medicine has a documented history of over 2500 years in China, and is now widely used by practitioners all over the world. It has been legally practiced in the United States. since the mid seventies by licensed acupuncturists. Homeopathy is also a well-known form of alternative medicine discovered in the 18th century by German physician Samuel Hahnemann, but was practically stamped out in the U.S. in the late nineteenth century by the American Medical Association. In 1938, though, the U.S. Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act finally recognized homeopathic pharmacopoeia as the legal equivalent of allopathic medicine.Another more contemporary and popular form of herbal medicine, called Western herbalism, can be traced back about two hundred years in America. Samuel Thomson, born in 1769, is considered the father of Western herbalism. He discovered over sixty different medically effective native plants by clinical testing, and on the basis of these findings, devised a theory of disease and botanical drug action. Randy Kidu, D.V.M., Ph.D., writes in his articled entitled A Brief History of Alternative Medicine: “The history of herbal medicine is interesting because herbs have been a part of our diet and pharmacy since man began roaming the earth. Coprophytic evidence (seeds and other plant part(found in preserved fecal pellets) points to herbal use by cavemen. Early herbalists practiced their trade since before recorded history in all parts of the world including China, Egypt, Greece, Rome, Africa, England, the Americas, and Europe. Many herbs are also mentioned in the Bible. Today, based on sheer numbers of folks who use one form of herbal medicine or another, it remains the most-used medicine worldwide.”Twenty-five hundred years after the advent of allopathic medicine, modern medicine is still grappling with the idea that herbal medicine could be an effective treatment, and not just quackery, although thousands of years of recorded history has proved its efficacy. A new model of understanding in medicine needs to be incorporated into the existing allopathic model. Because of the growing popularity and effectiveness of natural medicine, practitioners may eventually be given their deserved place in medical society. The incorporation of natural medical practices into the existing model of conventional Western medicine, including the training of new medical doctors, is now called Complimentary Medicine. In order to solve our health problems, this modern paradigm for treatment in medicine must be promoted. This can only truly emerge when bias, self-interest, greed and discrimination is discarded and diverse medical knowledge is promoted and shared, not only between university trained scientists and medical doctors, but among Alternative Medicine practitioners, philosophers, metaphysicians, and other intelligentsia of society as well.